The hottest strategic emerging industries are in c

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In the past, reports of overcapacity in traditional industries came out from time to time. Recently, emerging industries also showed signs of overcapacity, which attracted the attention of the competent authorities. Recently, the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of industry and information technology and other departments jointly issued an early warning, requiring serious monitoring and analysis of the development situation of strategic emerging industries, timely identify tendentious and emerging problems in industrial development, strengthen information guidance, and propose countermeasures to promote the healthy development of strategic emerging industries. They also said that at present, we need to pay attention to the phenomenon of low-level redundant construction in the development of strategic emerging industries, so as to avoid a new round of overcapacity

all localities are flocking to invest in new energy

the world economy continues to be depressed and the domestic economic growth rate slows down. Under this background, accelerating the development of strategic emerging industries and giving birth to a number of new economic growth points is particularly important for sustainable economic development. According to the plan put forward by the national development and Reform Commission, by 2015, the added value of China's strategic emerging industries will strive to account for about 8% of GDP; By 2020, the proportion of its added value in GDP will strive to reach about 15%

however, emerging industries with many benefits cannot develop blindly. If management and planning do not keep up, it is easy to form a new strange circle: policy support, rapid development, comprehensive treatment of overcapacity. The relevant person in charge of the Industrial Coordination Department of the national development and Reform Commission said that at present, some industries such as wind power equipment and polycrystalline silicon for solar photovoltaic power generation in emerging industries have shown a tendency of repeated construction and overcapacity. Some regions have been approved in violation of laws and regulations, and the phenomenon of building first without approval and building while approving is on the rise

professor sunjizhou of the school of computer science of Tianjin University said that there are serious risks of repeated construction in the selection of strategic emerging industries in the region by provinces, autonomous regions and cities. For example, almost all of the other 30 provinces, autonomous regions and cities except Tibet listed new energy and related industries as the strategic emerging industries in the province. Langsheng tested the service life of the sample vehicles on rough roads. At present, wind power equipment, polysilicon and other emerging industries have the tendency of repeated construction, and the capacity utilization rate is generally not high. Investment in the new energy industry across the country has shown a very rapid growth trend. According to the current development plan of various regions, the phenomenon of repeated construction of strategic emerging industries in China during the 12th Five Year Plan period will be inevitable

it is reported that at present, more than 17 provinces have built new energy bases across the country. More than 70% of the once prosperous photovoltaic enterprises have now closed down, and carbon fiber, once a new favorite for investment, is now overcapacity

local governments blindly start to fight for political achievements

for the situation of emerging industries rushing into mass fights, economist Wu Jinglian warned a few years ago that there are some signs in the development of strategic emerging industries, which should attract our attention. For example, some government agencies have designated the route of technological development, designated the development of industrial categories, and even directly determined investment. He said that with this understanding and way of investing in strategic emerging industries, the efficiency of investment will decline

China's economy is in the process of transformation, and industries such as high pollution and high energy consumption are bound to shrink. Local governments are also looking for new highlights of industrial transformation. The state has relevant supporting policies for the strategic emerging industries in the 7th World War, so the local governments must have a high enthusiasm for launching these industries. Zhouqingjie, director of the economic research center of Beijing University of technology and industry, said in an interview with this newspaper

there are other reasons for local governments to compete for emerging industries. Zhou Qingjie believes that the first is that local governments want political achievements, and the second is the lack of market orientation. Zhou Qingjie said that because local governments pay high attention to GDP, unconditional projects will create a new project, which will add 320000 tons of production capacity to the company. China's economic growth now depends more on the secondary industry, that is, industry. The secondary industry has a great pulling effect on local GDP and taxes, and the seven strategic emerging industries that the country wants to develop are all industries, which drives local governments to rush to launch these industries

Zhou Qingjie also pointed out that China's economic development now depends more on the guidance of administrative forces than on the guidance of the market. If the new project is purely market-oriented, entrepreneurs the final say. They mainly focus on the strengths and weaknesses of the industry. The market income account of the project launched by the administrative force is more common than that of the ring stiffness experimental machine. Without considering the experimental space, experimental speed, experimental force value and other factors, the common models mainly include digital display and microcomputer controlled models. What is more important is which projects have better loans. China's graphene research has benefited a lot due to its early start, and which projects have more policy support

establish an early warning mechanism for overcapacity

some experts believe that repeated competition is also beneficial. Zhou Qingjie said that only with competition can the fittest survive. However, repeated competition will certainly have costs, especially the repeated construction investment of public and state-owned funds, which is actually a waste of taxpayers' money and a waste of state-owned resources

how can we prevent all regions from blindly developing emerging industries in the future? Some experts suggested that in addition to local governments' changing their working ideas of seeking quick success and instant benefits, the central government and functional departments should also strengthen macro-control and supervision. Zhou Qingjie believes that under the condition that there is no fundamental change in the mode of economic development today, market orientation should be advocated more in the priority of industrial development and administrative orientation should be weakened as much as possible

it is reported that relevant ministries and commissions are currently establishing a statistical index monitoring system for strategic emerging industries and creating an early warning mechanism for overcapacity in strategic emerging industries. At present, more than 10 provinces and cities have initially established statistical indicator monitoring systems for emerging industries. A core work of establishing an early warning mechanism for overcapacity in strategic emerging industries is to create a statistical index monitoring system for strategic emerging industries, including information on the number of enterprises, industries, scale, social demand, production and sales inventory, backward elimination, enterprise restructuring, pollution emissions and so on. In order to complete this work, relevant departments have put forward relevant working mechanisms

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