The hottest strategic emerging industry to develop

2022-09-22
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Build strategic emerging industries and develop wind power better and faster introduction: in 2006, the renewable energy law of the people's Republic of China was implemented, and wind power welcomed favorable policies; In 2007, the growth of China's wind power market ranked first in the world; 200 take the arithmetic mean value of 10 samples tested for 8 years, and the installed capacity of wind power will complete the target of 10million kW of wind power proposed in the eleventh five year plan two years ahead of schedule; In 2009, three units of Shanghai Donghai Bridge Wind Farm, the first offshore wind farm in China and also the first in Asia, were put into operation; In 2010, the newly installed capacity of wind power was 18.927 million KW, and the cumulative installed capacity was 44.733 million KW, both of which surpassed the United States and jumped to the first place in the world. In 2011, the installed capacity of Longyuan electric power, the domestic wind power leader, rose to the third place in the world

the development of China's wind power industry can be said to be legendary. Who would have thought that in just five years of large-scale development, China has become the world's largest wind power country and the world's largest wind turbine producer

why does China focus on the wind power industry? Zhang Guobao, member of the Standing Committee of the CPPCC National Committee, explained in detail to China Energy News: judging from the current situation of China, hydropower is mature, but its impact on the ecology and environment and the migration problems it produces have always been controversial; At present, the cost of biomass energy is high, and its technology needs to be improved; Tidal energy and wave energy are mostly found in academia, but rarely in practical application. Therefore, compared with other renewable energy, mature technology and low cost are the advantages of wind power development. Zhang Guobao said

what is the history of the development of wind power in China? What kind of efforts has the state devoted to it? What role has it played in accelerating the adjustment of industrial structure and the transformation of development mode in China

five glorious years of wind power

talking about the development process of wind power, many people in the industry are quite touched. Wind power has really developed in the past five years. Qinhaiyan, Secretary General of the wind energy professional committee of China Renewable Energy Association, told this newspaper that China's wind power has completed the journey of western wind power countries for decades with a running speed in five years

wind power has been developed in China for 25 years. In May, 1986, the first wind farm was built in Malan Bay, Rongcheng, Shandong Province. The Vestas v/11 wind turbines installed in the wind farm were introduced with foreign exchange allocated by the Shandong provincial government and the Ministry of aviation industry. Since then, various regions have successively introduced some wind turbines with government grants or foreign grants, preferential loans, etc., and wind power has begun to grow in China

since 1994, China has begun to explore the path of equipment localization to promote the development of wind power, launched the wind riding plan, implemented the double plus project, formulated special policies to support equipment localization, and the construction of wind farms has gradually entered the commercial period. However, due to many technical and policy obstacles, the development of wind power in China is still struggling. The annual newly installed capacity shall not exceed 100000 kW. By the end of 2003, the installed capacity of wind power in China was only 568400 kW

in 2003, the national development and Reform Commission organized the bidding of the first phase of the national wind power concession project, introduced the competition mechanism into the development of wind farms, and determined the wind power tariffs in a market-oriented manner. As of 2007, five concession tenders have been organized, with a total installed capacity of 8.8 million KW

there are many impressive things in the development of wind power in China. For example, on August 31 last year, all 34 Sinovel SL3000 wind turbines in the wind farm of the 100000 kW offshore wind power demonstration project of Shanghai Donghai Bridge successfully completed the 240 hour pre acceptance assessment of the offshore wind power project. China has become the first region to have offshore wind power after Europe

the development of advanced models is undoubtedly of great significance to the development of wind power. Only when China really produces good models can foreign countries bring good models. Tao Gang, vice president of Sinovel wind power, told this newspaper that before 2005, some models promoted by foreign manufacturers in China were even at the end of their life cycle. Now, this situation has been fundamentally changed

China succeeded, but behind its success, no one knows how much pressure we were under at that time. Some foreign experts said that China has not studied onshore wind power well, so don't aim too high to develop offshore wind power. When we approached them about offshore projects, they charged very high prices. Qin Haiyan recalled that later, Sinovel independently developed 3 MW offshore units, which proved to the world that China's wind power technology is not behind people

the visible hand of the government is indispensable

everything is difficult at the beginning. How can enterprises be willing to do wind power? From 2003, the national development and Reform Commission created the concession bidding system for wind power projects, and organized five times in 2007. This is an important means to reasonably set prices and promote the large-scale development of wind power in the context of China's power system reform and unclear policies on wind power tariffs. Concession bidding projects make it profitable for enterprises to develop wind power. At the same time, competition makes the cost of wind power decline year by year. Since last year, this successful experience has introduced offshore wind power

the watershed of the wind power industry was in 2005, during which China passed the renewable energy law, which paved the way for the take-off of wind power in China. Xiechangjun, general manager of Longyuan Power, the largest wind power developer in the field of film utilization in China, described to this newspaper: "the renewable energy law is the greatest guarantee for the development of wind power in China. With it, there will be a series of policies to promote the development of wind power, and there will be today's wind power miracle in China

among the subsequent policies, the most important is the notice on improving the tariff policy for wind power generation issued by the national development and Reform Commission in July 2009, because it touches the core content of the wind power industry. According to the document, the country is divided into four types of wind energy resource areas according to the status of wind energy resources and engineering construction conditions, and the wind power benchmark price of 0.51 0.61 yuan/kWh is set accordingly, which improves the wind power tariff policy. Developing wind power is no longer a means to approve new thermal power indicators, but a new way to make profits. Xiechangjun told this newspaper that in 2010, the power generation capacity of Longyuan Power Wind Power Holdings reached 10.094 billion kwh, an increase of 62.5% year-on-year; The revenue from wind power sales reached 4.613 billion yuan

At the end of 2009, China made a commitment to the international community at the Copenhagen climate change conference: by 2020, non fossil energy will meet 15% of China's energy demand. This puts forward unprecedented expectations and requirements for the development scale and pace of clean energy in the future, and it is also another repositioning of wind power development. Eight ten million kilowatt wind power bases came into being. These eight wind power bases are located in Jiuquan, Gansu Province, Eastern and Western Inner Mongolia, Hami, Xinjiang, Hebei, Western Jilin, and coastal and offshore areas of Jiangsu and Shandong

Take Gansu and Inner Mongolia as examples. A wind blows every year, from spring to winter, two cleaners, east wind and west wind. This is Jiuquan people's description of their living environment, with a lot of helplessness in their words. Since being identified as a ten million kilowatt wind power base, Jiuquan people have a feeling of flying. In just a few years, more than 3000 white fans have been set up in Hexi Corridor out of thin air, with a total installed capacity of 5.5 million KW, accounting for 17% of the power installed in the province. According to statistics, the total output value of Jiuquan Industrial Park in 2010 was 23.4 billion yuan, an increase of 320% year-on-year; The tax revenue was 252million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 256%

the figures may be boring, but the people in Hexi corridor have a personal feeling: in 2010, the per capita income of urban residents in the city was 15076 yuan, an increase of 10%, and the per capita net income of farmers was 7180 yuan, an increase of 12%. 16000 local people were engaged in wind power work, and the supporting service industry increased by nearly 30%

in 2015, the installed wind power capacity in Gansu will reach 12.71 million KW, and in 2020, it will reach more than 20million kW, becoming the real land-based wind power Three Gorges

like Gansu, the development of wind power in Inner Mongolia has also made outstanding achievements. By the end of June 2011, the total installed capacity of wind power in the region was 12.78 million KW, an increase of 17.6%. The wind power generation capacity was 15.7 billion kwh, accounting for 10.7% of the total power generation capacity. Among them, the installed wind power capacity of Mengxi power is about 7.6 million KW, and the wind power generation capacity exceeds 12% of the total power generation capacity, which has reached the level of Denmark, Spain and other world advanced countries in wind power development. The goal put forward by Inner Mongolia is to strive to achieve% of the total power generation by 2015

at present, the strategic emerging industry plan, which is more expected by the wind power industry, is about to be released, and China's wind power industry is bound to usher in a second spring

invisible hand market power

looking back at history, before 2004, the annual installed capacity of wind power in China was no more than 100000 kW, corresponding to a weak industrial foundation. Since 2005, the annual new capacity has increased from hundreds of thousands of kilowatts to more than 40 million kilowatts, achieving 100% growth for six consecutive years

driven by the market, a number of wind power enterprises with independent brands began to form and go international. For example, Longyuan wind power ranked 89th among the 500 most valuable brands in Asia. In December, 2009, Longyuan Power was successfully listed in Hong Kong H shares, raising 17.7 billion yuan, and its total market value ranked among the top three wind power enterprises in the world. In addition, Longyuan Power also achieved many firsts, such as the largest amount of overseas IPO Financing and the highest P/E ratio of Chinese power enterprises

the development and expansion of wind power enterprises has realized the localized production of the whole wind power supporting system. Sinovel, Jinfeng and Dongqi, which produce complete machines, have entered the top ten in the world; A large number of spare parts enterprises, such as Sinoma technology, Zhongfu Lianzhong and AVIC Huiteng, which produce blades, heavy teeth and Nangao teeth of gear boxes, and Shanghai Electric, Dongfang Electric and Yongji Electric, which produce motors, have sprung up, and have ranked among the top in the world. Foreign giants such as Siemens and Ge have begun to purchase wind power products in China

on the other hand, China's wind power enterprises have made a rapid start through the introduction of technology. While realizing the localization and large-scale development of production and manufacturing, they have established their own R & D teams and platforms, gradually mastered the core technology of design, and completed the digestion, absorption and secondary innovation of the introduced technology. For example, in order to adapt to low wind speed and wind conditions, China has developed a unit with a larger capacity and a larger diameter of wind turbine than foreign technology, which has increased the power generation; In view of low temperature and other adverse weather conditions, China has made a lot of innovations in material selection, component improvement and control optimization, which has improved the reliability of the unit

according to statistics, China's wind power enterprises have obtained dozens of invention patents. Sinovel's 3 MW, 5 MW, 6 MW doubly fed units and Goldwind's 3 MW direct drive wind turbines all represent the world's advanced level. China's offshore wind power has also started, with 34 Sinovel 3 MW units standing in the East China Sea, breaking the technology and price monopoly of international giants. The Longyuan Lai'an wind farm (200000 kW) project was put into operation, marking the official completion of China's first large-scale low wind speed wind farm

China's wind power will achieve an installed capacity of 100million kW in 2015, and they will further improve the quality of oil products to achieve an installed capacity of 200million kW in 2020. Qin Haiyan said that if enterprises continue to adhere to the quality-oriented, technological innovation road, coupled with policy support, China's wind power will lead the development of global wind power

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